Memory Based Strategies for Players
If you need to master information that has no connection to your everyday life, continue to study the the material even after you have fully mastered it. The additional studying will allow you to remember the material for a longer amount of time. This will reduce the time need to restudy the material in the case of a cumulative exam.
2. External Cues
Utilize external cues to remember specific information.
1) Personally place an object in the environment in which you have to remember something.
2) Then mentally pair that item with the information to be remembered. This will shorten the time of recall and strengthen the relationship between the information and yourself. Retrieval cues are the single most important feature of remembering.
Example: Gym Bag in your room – Hockey Tryouts
The average human can remember 7 units of information (ie. digits, colours, letters) at one time without memorization involved. Therefore, when learning a large amount of information, encode the information in 5-7 groups and try to mentally distinguish each group from another. This will allow you to unlock the larger 5-7 groups, then further unlock the 7 facts of information in each one of those groups. The more this is practiced, the more efficient the process gets.
4. The Generation Effect
Generating answers to questions yourself is a more powerful memory aid than simply reading the material repeatedly.
1) Generate questions to give yourself after reading the material
2) Answer the questions, either verbally or written, in your own words. This connection between information learned and your working process will trigger your long-term memory and result in better performances on tests.
5. Mimic Your Test Environment, Inside and Out
This allows you to increase the speed and quality of recall in learned information. Prepare yourself prior to the test and mirror your test and study environment in the following aspects, making sure there is as little difference between the two environments on the big day.
– Energy Level, Alertness Level, Mood, Hunger Level
– Lighting, Temperature, and External Sound